In the Indian court, rosewater was sprinkled over guests at the end of a meal using bottles (gulabpash) such as this gem encrusted one which was probably made in the Mughal imperial workshops (1675 -1725). The bottle is inscribed with its weight for the treasury records.
Differences in the colour of gold and the settings suggest that the neck is a replacement dating from the late eighteenth century. Rosewater was also sprinkled at larger social gatherings as a sign of favour and hospitality. A similar bottle was removed from Delhi in 1739 and taken to Russia in 1741 by the embassy of the Iranian ruler Nadir Shah.
View this piece at the Grand Palais exhibition – From the Great Mughals to the Maharajas: Jewels from The Al Thani Collection